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Citing Sources

What's Included in this Guide?

Guides & Sample Papers

The OWL at Purdue provides resources that may useful for writing projects & citation help.

Click here for a full-length self-paced online tutorial from the APA's website.

Publication Manual

Copies of the Publication Manual are found in the reference and check out collections of the Philadelphia Campus Library and the Newtown LRC.

Choose a Research Guide

Articles from Print Periodicals: General guidelines

Journals, magazines, and newspapers (known as periodicals) are published at regular times throughout the year. Some journals may be published only several times a year (several issues throughout the year equaling one annual volume). Magazines and newspapers may be published monthly, weekly, or daily.

The following information identifies where the article can be found. The exact components to be included in your citation will vary depending on whether you are citing a journal article, magazine article, or newspaper article.

  • Authors' names
  • Date of publication
  • Title of the Article
  • Name of the Periodical (Journal, Magazine, or Newspaper)
  • Volume number
  • Issue number (only include if each issue starts with page 1. See example.)
  • Page numbers/page range
  • DOI number (if available)

Select an example from the list on the left. Does your article have a DOI number?

Special Formatting for Articles

Below are special considerations for formatting periodical references.

  • Include authors' last names and both initials. Do not write out authors' first names.
  • List all authors in the same order listed in the article (up to seven authors.) See an example of an article with eight or more authors.
  • Do not put the article title in quotes.
  • CAPITALIZE only the first letter of the first word of the article title, subtitle, and proper nouns.
  • CAPITALIZE significant journal title words.
  • Italicize periodical titles and volume number.
  • Do not use the abbreviation "v." or "vol." before the volume number.
  • Do not include issue number unless the issue starts on page 1. (See example.) If including issue number, do not use abbreviation "n." or "no."
  • Only use the abbreviation "pp." for page numbers when citing newspaper articles.
  • MUST include DOI number if available, even if the article is photocopied.

Journal Article with DOI Number

Hartley, S. L., & MacLean W. E., Jr. (2009). Depression in adults with mild intellectual disability: Role of stress, attributions, and

     coping. American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 114, 147-160. doi:10.1352/1944-7588-114.3.147

Journal Article with No DOI Number

Nunez, A. (2009). Latino students' transitions to college: A social and intercultural capital perspective. Harvard Educational

     Review, 79, 22-48.

Journals & Issue Numbers

Do not include issue numbers if each issue begins page numbering where the previous issue ended. For example:

  • Volume 114, Issue 1: pp. 1-69
  • Volume 114, Issue 2: pp. 70-145
  • Volume 114, Issue 3: pp. 146-224

Hartley, S. L., & MacLean W. E., Jr. (2009). Depression in adults with mild intellectual disability: Role of stress, attributions, and

     coping. American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 114, 147-160. doi:10.1352/1944-7588-114.3.147

If each issue begins page numbering with page 1, then include the issue number in parentheses after the volume number. For example:

  • Volume 109, Issue 1: pp. 1-88
  • Volume 109, Issue 2: pp. 1-88
  • Volume 109, Issue 3: pp. 1-80

Schwarz, J. K. (2009). Stopping eating and drinking. American Journal of Nursing, 109(9), 52-61.

     doi:10.1097/01.NAJ.0000360314.69620.43

Magazine Article

  • Include the complete date of publication.
  • Only include the issue number if each issue starts with page 1. (See example.)
  • If no DOI number is available, simply do not include it in the citation.

Scherer, M. (2009, August 17). Inside the fight against a flu pandemic. Time, 174(6), 24-29.

Newspaper Article

  • Include the complete date of publication.
  • If an article runs on discontinuous pages, separate by commas. For example: A1, A2-4.
  • If no DOI number is available, simply do not include it in the citation.

Kellman L. (2009, August 27). Kennedy's death leaves Senate no dealmaker. Bucks County Courier Times, pp. A1, A4.

Article with Up to 7 Authors

  • List all authors in the same order listed on the article (up to seven authors.)
  • Include authors' last names and initials. (Last name, Initials). Do not write out authors' first names.
  • Separate authors with commas. Separate last author in the list with an "&".

De Angelis, G., Murthy, A., Beyersmann, J., & Harbarth, S. (2010). Estimating the impact of healthcare-associated infections on

     length of stay and costs: Excess costs of healthcare-associated infection. Clinical Microbiology & Infection, 16, 1729-1735.

     doi:10.1111/j.1469-0691.2010.03332.x

Article with 8 or More Authors

  • List the first six authors followed by three ellipsis points/periods (...), and then the last author.
  • Include authors' last names and initials. (Last name, Initials). Do not write out authors' first names.
  • Separate authors with commas. Do NOT separate last author in the list with an "&".

Nathan, P. C., Ness, K. K., Mahoney, M. C., Li, Z., Hudson, M. M., Ford, J. S., . . . Oeffinger, K. C. (2010).

     Screening and surveillance for second malignant neoplasms in adult survivors of childhood cancer:

     A report from the childhood cancer survivor study. Annals of Internal Medicine, 153, 442-51.

Article with No Author

  • If no author is listed, start the entry with the first significant word of the article title.
  • This newspaper article would be alphabetized in References by the letter "C".

The cuts the Pentagon missed. (2011, February 20). The New York Times, p. 9.

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