For a complete list of changes from the seventh to the eighth edition of the MLA Handbook, see "What's New in the 8th Edition?"
Selected changes in the 8th edition of the MLA Handbook:
Use the examples below as guides ONLY. For complex citations, consult a copy of the MLA Handbook.
FOR eBOOKS, SEE EXAMPLES AT THE END OF THE PAGE.
Westhoff, Patrick. The Economics of Food: How Feeding and Fueling the Planet Affects Food Prices.
FT Press, 2010.
List the authors’ names in the same order as they appear on the title page. Do not re-alphabetize the order. Reverse the first and last name of the first author (Last name, First name). List the second author in their normal form (First name Last name). Separate authors by a comma. Include “and” before the name of the last author in the list.
Anderson, Curtis D., and Judy Anderson. Electric and Hybrid Cars: A History. 2nd ed., McFarland, 2010.
Always use et al. (meaning “and others”) when referencing three or more authors
Smith, Karen A., et al. The Freshman Experience. Boston UP, 2017.
If the person listed on the title page is an editor, translator, or compiler, place a comma after the name and add the label describing the person’s role.
Tally, Justine, editor. The Cambridge Companion to Toni Morrison. Cambridge UP, 2007.
Use this same format for two editors, reversing the first name and adding the second name such as:
Kindness, Kathy, and Sally P. Jones, editors.
If there are three or more names listed on the title page as editors, translators, or compilers, list the first editor and use et al. Then add the label describing their role.
Yarbro, Connie Henke, et al., editors. Cancer Symptom Management. 4th ed., Jones & Bartlett Learning, 2014.
A corporate author may be a group (commission, association, or committee) responsible for the creation of the work. Provide the group as corporate author when no individuals are listed on the title page. Do not include articles such as A, An, or The, and do not abbreviate the group’s name.
Educational Testing Service. The Praxis Series: Official Guide. McGraw, 2008.
Sometimes a group is both the author and publisher; if so, start the entry with the title and only list the corporate author as the publisher.
MLA Handbook. 8th ed., Modern Language Association, 2016.
Start the reference with the title:
Webster's New Biographical Dictionary. Merriam-Webster, 1998.
Often you will use a portion of a book, not the entire source, in your research. In academic writing, chapters are often written by different authors and included in a book edited by others; therefore it is important to cite the exact chapter(s) that you use:
Schofield, Janet W. “Promoting Positive Intergroup Relations in School Settings.” Toward a
Common Destiny: Improving Race and Ethnic Relations in America, edited by Willis D.
Hawley and Anthony W. Jackson, Jossey-Bass Publishers, 1995, pp. 257-289.
“Phobia.” APA Dictionary of Psychology. 2007.
Begin citation with the author and title of the individual work you are citing. Next, include the title of the book that the work appears in. List the editor or translator of the entire book and provide the publication information. Include the page numbers of the individual cited work. Check with your faculty member’s preferences for including the original year.
Weinbaum, Stanley G. “A Martian Odyssey.” 1934. The Oxford Book of Science Fiction Stories,
edited by Tom Shippey, Oxford UP, 1992, pp. 70-79.
If the title page indicates that the book is part of a series, include the series name and series number (if available) at the end of the citation. The book in the example below is a part of the series: The Reference Shelf.
Kan, Kat, editor. Graphic Novels and Comic Books. H.W. Wilson Company, 2010. The
Reference Shelf 82.5.
Entry in a Multi-Volume Reference Book
Begin citation with the author (if available) and title of the entry that you are citing. Next, include the title of the reference book where you found the entry. Include the editors and edition.
If using one volume, include the volume number that you used.
"Hughes, (James) Langston 1902-1967.” Contemporary Literary Criticism, edited by
Carolyn Riley and Phyllis Carmel Mendelson, vol. 5, Gale, 1976.
If using two or more volumes, include the total number of volumes in the set.
Laderman, Gary, and Luis Leon, editors. Religion and American Cultures: An Encyclopedia
of Traditions, Diversity, and Popular Expressions. ABC-CLIO, 2003. 3 vols.
When citing eBooks retrieved from Holy Family Research Databases, follow the same rules as when citing Print Books (see Section A) but include the following: (see MLA Handbook, pp. 34-35):
Sneddon, Andrew. Like-Minded: Externalism and Moral Psychology. MIT Press, 2011. EBook
Collection (EBSCOhost), holyfamily.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/
When citing eBooks downloaded or purchased through a service (not retrieved from Holy Family research databases) list the device or service you used.
Mortenson, Greg, and David Oliver Relin. Three Cups of Tea: One Man’s Mission to Promote
Peace. . . One School at a Time. Kindle ed., Penguin, 2006
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