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Citing Sources

What's Included in this Guide?

Webpages & Web Materials

General Elements to Include

WEBPAGES, WEB SITES and other Electronic Media

  • Creator of the webpage (if no author is given, begin with the title)
  • “Title of the webpage”
  • Title of the overall Web site
  • Publisher or sponsor of Web site
  • Date of publication if available (if not available, do not use n.d.)
  • Web address (minus the http:// or https://)
  • Date of access 

Entire Web Site

Smith, Gerry. Citing Sources. Any University. 29 Aug. 2017,

     Accessed 9 Sept. 2017.

A Page on a Web Site

“Infographic: Benefits of Language Learning.” Modern Language Association,

     Accessed 16 Aug. 2017.



  • Writer's name
  • “Title of message” (from subject line)
  • Description of the email (including the recipient's name)
  • Date the message was sent

Ruppel, Kathy. "Library Hours on Sundays." Received by Laura McNamara, 12 Dec. 2016.



  • Writer's name
  • “complete text of Tweet”
  • Date and time of Tweet
  • Url


@kruppel. "Library is open 1-8 on Sundays." Twitter, 10 Sept. 2017, 12:30 p.m.,

Faculty Files from Canvas

Treat PowerPoint slides or other files downloaded from Canvas as digital files. Include the type of file as the “medium of publication.” (Example: Microsoft PowerPoint file, PDF file) If the file type cannot be determined, use Digital file. Check with your faculty to see if they want additional information included such as course name, date. etc.‚Äč

Avellino, Denise. “Welcome to Citations!” 2016. Microsoft PowerPoint file.

Video from YouTube (or other Web site):

After YouTube or web site name, include who or which organization uploaded the video if available

“Hurricane Irma Path and Latest on Category 5 Storm.” YouTube, uploaded by ABC News,

     5 Sept. 2017, Accessed 6 Sept. 2017.


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